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    Indian Government Initiatives and Schemes for Unemployed Youth


    The Indian government has implemented various initiatives and schemes to address unemployment among youth, recognizing the importance of providing them with employment opportunities and enabling their economic empowerment. These initiatives aim to enhance skill development, promote entrepreneurship, and facilitate access to job opportunities, thereby contributing to the overall growth and development of the nation.

    Key Initiatives

      1. Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY): This scheme incentivizes employers to hire new employees by providing subsidies for employee contributions to social security schemes.

      1. Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar Yojana (ABRY): This scheme provides financial support to employers for creating new employment opportunities and retaining existing employees during the COVID-19 pandemic.

      1. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA): This scheme provides employment opportunities in rural areas by guaranteeing 100 days of work per year to every household.

      1. National Career Service (NCS): This service provides career guidance, vocational training, and placement assistance to unemployed youth.

      1. Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP): This scheme provides financial assistance to aspiring entrepreneurs to start micro-enterprises.

      1. Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Programs: The government has launched various skill development and entrepreneurship programs to enhance employability and promote self-employment among youth.

      1. Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs): ITIs provide vocational training in various trades and skills, preparing youth for employment in industries like manufacturing, construction, and hospitality.

      1. Apprenticeship Programs: The government promotes apprenticeship programs to provide on-the-job training and hands-on experience to youth, enhancing their employability.

    Impact and Significance

    These initiatives have played a significant role in addressing unemployment among youth by providing them with the skills, resources, and opportunities they need to secure employment and become self-sufficient. The schemes have contributed to the creation of new jobs, skill development, and entrepreneurship, fostering economic growth and reducing poverty.


    The Indian government's efforts to address youth unemployment are commendable and have contributed to positive outcomes. However, there is still a need to further strengthen these initiatives and expand their reach to ensure that all eligible youth have access to the opportunities they need to thrive in the workforce. Continued focus on skill development, entrepreneurship promotion, and job placement services will be crucial in empowering youth and contributing to the nation's overall progress.